Union Second Corps at Jerusalem Plank Road, June 22, 1864
Hand drawn map of Barlow's Division with interesting details from Private Collection of John Horn, Oak Forest, Illinois
Catalog Description. Lot of 3, including manuscript map, 9.5 x 7.75 in., showing the position of Brigadier General Francis C. Barlow's division during the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road on June 22, 1864. Barlow was in charge of the 3rd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac during the battle. On the morning of June 22, a gap opened up between the 2nd and 6th Corps. CSA General Mahone took advantage of this split and surprised Barlow's men at the rear, causing the division to collapse. Though the 2nd Corps troops were able to rally before Mahone's reinforcements made it to the field, the battle ended inconclusively, with Union casualties at nearly 3,000 and Confederate casualties close to 600. In a report on the operations of June 22, Barlow describes, "I moved forward, placing one brigade on the prolongation of General Mott's line, and protecting my flank by throwing back two small brigades on my left. By the movement ordered not only my flank but my rear was exposed to the enemy, who soon pressed into the gap between the Second and Sixth Corps." The map featured here depicts the enemy advances made upon Barlow's division during that critical shift in lines between the two corps, and marks a position to the right of Barlow's division where prisoners were taken, labelled, "1st Mass taken prisoner." Consignor relates that the map came from the military papers of Brevet Brigadier General John Willian.